Descendants of William Carder (1762-1839) of Hampshire County, WV and Harrison County, WV

William Carder (1762 - 1839) was a son of William Carder (d. 1801) of Hampshire County, WV. William Carder was born in either Culpeper County, Virginia, or Hampshire County, WV on 19 May 1762. He was a soldier in the American Revolution, having served under Captain Isaac Parsons. He was detailed to guard the Tories confined in the jail at Romney, W. Va. He was also an Indian Spy during the Revolution. He applied for a military pension in 1833 and was issued a pension certificate, but it was later withdrawn because he did not serve long enough to justify a pension. He moved to Harrison County about 1783. He is listed on the Harrison County tax lists from 1785 onward. He is also shown on the Harrison County census of 1810, 1820, and 1830. He lived at Two Lick Run near Good Hope and was a trustee of the Old Bethel Church. He married in Harrison County about 1785 to a widow named Nancy or Rebecca Lowther Washburn, whose husband was killed by Indians. William Carder died on 13 November 1839 in Harrison County and is buried in the Old Bethel Church cemetery on Route 19 near Good Hope.

A book, The Upper Sandy Valley, by John A. House, was written in 1906. I have been told that the book exists only in manuscript form. Mr. House visited some descendants of William Carder and recorded their family tales in his book. I will excerpt parts of it here, because it contains some interesting tidbits about the lives of these early settlers. Some of the early information is probably not correct, particularly the part about William Carder’s father being a rope maker in England. The Carder family had been in the U.S. for at least 90 years when William Carder (1762-1839) was born. The early information is probably just stories that were passed down, but may be based on events that actually happened.

Excerpts from The Upper Sandy Valley, by John A. House, 1906.

“In the month of June, 1782, there lived in the village of Clarksburg a man named Charles Washburn, who, while chopping wood in his yard, was shot by a party of Indians lurking in the vicinity. One fellow more venturesome than the others, rushed up to the dying man, cleft his skull with an axe, and, quickly scalping the body, made his escape with the bloody trophy.

Three of the Washburn brothers had formerly been killed by the savages: Isaac Washburn, who was shot on Hacker’s Creek in 1778, and James and Stephen Washburn, who were waylaid, while hunting for pine knots for making shoe wax, near their home on West Fork. Stephen was shot and scalped, and James was carried off to their towns, where he was put to death with cruel torture.

Charles Washburn’s widow, who before her marriage was Nancy LOWTHER, was afterward married to William CARDER, who was living “near below” the mouth of Hacker’s Creek (as my informant expressed it) when on the 25th day of July, 1794, his place was raided by the Indians. Though the savages were repulsed, they burned the house and drove the stock all off. This was the last depredation committed in that section.

The history of some of William CARDER’s descendants is, for the most part, the history of Upper Sandy. His father, says family tradition, was a rope maker by profession, while living in England. He and a friend and comrade named Hyre, crossed the ocean and located together on a large tract of land they held in partnership. Carder had the most confidence in his friend, and it is said, “just like two twin brothers.” But, alas, for trust in “mortal man!” As is too often the case, this friend proved treacherous, and, taking advantage of the perfect reliance the other placed in him, swindled him out of nearly all that he possessed, and left him old, infirm, and poor, to drift about the country and into a grave in potter’s field. Carder was a deeply religious man, and withal, it appears, something of a prophet, for it is said that he told Hyre that his ill gotten gains would not profit him much, for he and his family would be stricken with blindness. In a few short years both Hyre and his sons and sons-in-law were stone blind."

Other excerpts from the House manuscript will appear elsewhere in the William Carder (1762-1839) sections of this book. This manuscript is loaded with old-time stories of life in the 1800s. It has a “folklore-like” flavor to it.


Here is an article quoted from the “Awhile Ago Times” of Fairmont, WV, Vol. 1, No. 12, 1972

1794 - Reverend Joseph Cheuvront Rescues the Carder Family

Hon. Harvey W. Harmer, in his excellent work “One Hundred and Fifty Years of Methodism in Clarksburg, 1788-1938", introduces Rev. Joseph Cheuvront as follows:

At a conference in 1797, all the societies in this upper valley were formed into the Clarksburg Circuit, with Robert Conn and Richard Pearson as the preachers in charge. Among the members of the Clarksburg Methodist Episcopal Church were the Cheuvronts, Davissons, Cottrills, and others. Probably the most active of these was Joseph Cheuvront. He was a native of France where he was being educated for a Catholic Priest. Before he had finished his education he renounced the Catholic faith and became a Protestant. For his change of faith he was disinherited and suffered bitter persecution. As a result he ran away and came to New York as a “stowaway”. In New York he met and made friends among the Methodists and became a member and local preacher of the Church - no doubt the “Stone Church”.

Among the Methodists he met were John and Jacob Elsworth who were then planning to emigrate to this part of (then) Virginia. Cheuvront decided to join them in their new adventure. They came in 1776 and made their settlement on Coburn’s Creek, five miles south of here (Clarksburg). Joseph Cheuvront, a carpenter and grandson of Joseph Cheuvront the preacher, tells the following story, which he calls:


On the 24th of July, 1794, six Indians visited the West Fork River, and at the mouth of Freeman’s Creek, met with and made prisoner a daughter of John Runyon. She was taken off by two of the party of savages, but did not go more than ten or twelve miles, before she was put to death.

The four Indians who remained proceeded down the river and on the next day came to the house of William Carder, near the mouth of Hacker’s Creek. Mr. Carder discovered them approaching in time to fasten his door, but in the confusion of the minute, shut out two of his children, who however ran off unperceived by the savages and arrived in safety at the house of a neighbor.

He (Carder) then commenced firing and hallooing, so as to alarm those who were near and intimidate the Indians. Both objects were accomplished. The Indians contented themselves with shooting him. The noise was great enough to be heard by grandfather, more than a mile away, who immediately sent his family off down the river to a blockhouse, called the “Indian House”, where several families were living while looking for land on which to settle, and taking his guns, he owned four, a rifle, a musket, and two pistols, made off through the woods to aid the Carders.

Arriving at the Carder cabin, but still in the woods, grandfather found the Indians busily occupied. They had shot several of Carder’s cattle, and two of them were behind the stable, butchering a large steer. The other two were squatting behind a stump, firing their rifles into Carder’s house. Carder was still firing his gun and yelling, and his family were yelling, and several dogs inside the house were barking. Grandfather said the noise coming from inside the cabin was more frightening than the sight of the Indians. He said at first he supposed all the Carders had lost their minds.

There was a gully running from the woods in back of the cabin to the creek. It was deep enough, and brushy enough, to conceal grandfather from the eyes of the savages, and into it grandfather went, running, and firing one of his pistols, and running on, in back of the cabin, and firing his musket, and running on, and coming out below the cabin toward the creek, falling on his knees, and firing the rifle at four swiftly retreating Indians, who supposedly believed they were being attacked from the gully by an overwhelming number of whites.

In this manner grandfather relieved the Carders without having to kill any of the savages, which pleased him very much for, though he often went out on Indian chases, he did not believe in killing human beings if such could possibly be avoided.


Now exactly what the facts were might be disputed, for the grandson liked to tell the same story, with just a bit different ending.........

Carder, barricaded in his cabin with the remainder of his family, began yelling at the top of his lungs and loading and firing his gun at the top of the ceiling, and all his family yelled with him, for he did not believe in killing human beings if such could possibly be avoided.

When the Indians were out of sight, grandfather, yelling to the Carders to keep still and stop shooting, started up the gully toward the cabin, and there in a thick patch of brambles was met a huge and very angry bear. One look into the bear’s eyes and grandfather knew it was time for him to retreat, and retreat he did with the bear growling at his heels.

The place of safety chose by him was the roof of the cabin, and there he sat when the Carders, finally realizing they were no longer in danger, came from the cabin, and were chased inside again by the bear. Finally the bear, which no one wanted to kill because of the season and the weather being very hot and dry, finally ambled away, and grandfather and the Carders started out for the Indian House, which, in a couple of hours, they all reached in safety.


William Carder’s pension application sheds a lot of light on various events in his life.

Revolutionary War Pension Application of William Carder, 1833.

State of Virginia Lewis County to wit

Personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace in and for the said County of Lewis on the 27th day of September 1833 William Carder a resident of the said County of Lewis and State of Virginia aged 73 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on this oath make the following declarations in order to obtain the benefit of an act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he entered the Service of the United States, under the following named officers and served as herein stated. That in the year 1780 in the month of March in the County of Hampshire State of Virginia he was drafted for a tour of six months and was placed under the command of Capt. Isaac Parsons, other officers names not recollected, and was marched to the Town of Romney & there stationed to guard some tories who were confined in the Jail of the said County of Hampshire and State of Virginia. Affiant remained here during his said term of draft engaged in guarding said Tories, and repelled the assaults which were made by the Tories who were lurking in the wilderness and about the said Town of Romney to rescue those who were confined in Jail of said County. Affiant remained in service as aforesaid untill some time in the month of September 1780 when he was discharged by his said Capt. Isaac Parsons and returned home having served six months as a private Soldier. In the winter of 1780 affiant moved to the County of Monongalia, State of Virginia and found the inhabitants in a great state of fear and apprehension. The Indians had been in the habit of visiting the northwestern part of Virginia and committing great outrages of the there then settled county. Accordingly in the Spring of 1781 in the month of March in the County of Monongalia State of Virginia affiant volunteered as a private Indian Spy and was placed under the command of Capt. William Lowther, George Jackson Ensign, other officers names not recollected. Stationed at Arnolds fort on the west fork of Monongalia River in the County and State aforesaid and was engaged in spying the Country from said fort to the River Ohio, on which now composes the counties of Ohio, Tyler, Harrison, Wood, and Lewis, until the 9th day of December 1781 at which time affiant was discharged by his said Capt. William Lowther having served nine months as an Indian Spy. Again in the month of March 1782 in the County of Mongalia and State of Virginia affiant volunteered as a private Indian Spy, and was stationed at Arnolds fort in the County of Monongalia and State of Virginia and was placed under the command of the officers last aforesaid and was engaged as aforesaid in spying the County as aforesaid. Through and over what now composes the Counties of Ohio, Wood, Tyler, Harrison, & Lewis until some time in the month of November 1782 at which time affiant was discharged having served eight months as a private Indian Spy, his discharge which was given at the expiration of this tour was signed by Lieutenant George Jackson in consequence of the absence of Capt. William Lowther. Again in the year 1783 in the month of April in the County and State last aforesaid, affiant volunteered and was placed under the Command of Capt. Staple Carpenter, other officers names not recollected, and was stationed at Wests fort on Hackers a branch of the West fork of Monongalia River, and was engaged in spying the Counties aforesaid untill some time in the month of August at which time affiant took sick and was discharged by his said Capt. Staple Carpenter and returned home having served four months as a private Indian [spy]. The following are the occurances which took place during affiants several tours of service. During his first tour nothing of any notoriety took place. During the 2nd tour the Indians came into the neighborhood and killed a man by the name of John Richards. Affiant pursued in company with Elias Huse and others but did not overtake the Indians. During his third tour the Indians came into the neighborhood and killed Paul & Arnold Richards. During his third tour no particular occurance took place. To the several Interrogations prescribed by the Department, affiant answers and says.

  • 1st. to the first. I was born in the County of Hampshire State of Virginia in the year 1760.
  • 2nd. I have no record of my age. I have the recollection of my Parents who told me the year I was born in.
  • 3rd. When first called into service, I was living in the County of Hampshire State of Virginia. When I volunteered I was living in the County of Monongalia and State of Virginia until the last term mentioned when I moved into the County of Lewis where I now reside.
  • 4th. My first term I was drafted and the balance of my service I was a volunteer.
  • 5th. My service being that of an Indian Spy, except the first and there only to guard some tories, I consequently became acquainted with none of the regular officers, nor Regiments to which they belonged and I never considered that I belonged to any Regiment but companies of Indian Spies, but I knew and and became acquainted with Col. Benjamin of Monongalia County Virginia, Capt. Parsons, Capt. William Lowther, Capt. Spindle(?) of Augusta County Va.
  • 6th. I was discharged by the Capt under whom I served but my discharges are all lost or mislaid.
  • 7th. I am known to John Brown and John Schoolcraft who can testify to my character for ____ and their belief of my having been a soldier of the Revolutionary War. I hereby relinquish any claim whatever to a pension or annuity except in present and declare that my name is not on the pension Roll of the agency of any State.

Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid.


William X Carder



William Carder and his wife had seven known children and have numerous descendants in the western parts of West Virginia.

W1-2 Family of William Carder (1762 - 1839) and Nancy (or Rebecca) Lowther Washburn Carder

  • 1 Elizabeth Carder (about 1786 - ), married in 1805 to Thomas Washburn.
  • +2 William Carder (about 1788 - ), married 26 October 1808, to Martha Stutler, daughter of John Stutler, Jr., married second to Priscilla Butcher. They lived in Harrison County, W.Va.
  • +3 Manly Carder (9 January 1790 - 2 April 1890). He first married on 18 October 1819 to Mary Elizabeth Switzer (1802 - about 1850), daughter of Christopher Switzer. After his first wife died, he married Abigail A. Bennett (March 1832 - after 1900). He is buried at the Carder Cemetery at Vadis, Lewis County, West Virginia. In 1858, he was granted 8 acres of land at Two Lick Run, Harrison County, W.Va. In 1864, he and Richard Bell wrote from West Milford, Harrison County, to the Pension Commissioner at Washington, D.C., to inquire whether their agents, the firm of Tucker and Lloyes, had ever received payment of government funds claimed for their respective fathers’ services in the Revolutionary War. This letter is in the Pension Files in the National Archives. In 1881, Manly Carder was granted two tracts of land on Fink’s Creek, Lewis County, W.Va. In 1883, Manley and his wife Abigail A. Carder conveyed a cemetery lot to Enos Lovell of Lewis County. One source said Manly and Abigail had a son named Harold Bennett Carder, but the 1900 census states that Abigail had no children.
  • 4 Sarah Carder (about 1792 - 7 November 1853), married 12 May 1815 in Harrison County to Christian Smith. She is buried at the Old Bethel Cemetery at Good Hope.
  • +5 John Wesley Carder (about 1795 - 13 June 1859), married on 15 August 1815 to Margaret Smith (about 1790 - ). His wife was born in Maine and was a daughter of John Smith. They moved in the 1830s to Jackson County, W.Va.
  • +6 Nancy Carder (about 1797 - 1832), married 13 August 1816 to John Stutler III (1787 - 1873), who was born in Virginia and died in Roane County, W.Va. He was the second child of John Stutler, Jr. Nancy Carder Stutler died at Jane Lew, Lewis County, W.Va.
  • 7 George Carder (about 1802 - ), married 18 October 1823 to Sophia Smith.


Second Generation Descendants of William Carder (1762 - 1839)

W1-2-2 Family of William Carder (1787 - ) and Martha Stutler Carder

  • +1 John G. Carder (1810 - before 1850), married 13 January 1830 to Susan Yerkey (1810 - ), daughter of John Yerkey. He is listed in Book 6 of the Harrison County Inventories, Sale Bills, and Settlements. Susan Carder was listed in the 1850 census as a widow living next to her father, John Yerkey.
  • 2 Jemima Carder, married 7 April 1840 to Alex Marrio.
  • 3 Nancy Carder, married 1 January 1841 to Lemuel E. Clemens.
  • +4 Silas C. Carder (2 January 1815 - 19 August 1861), married 18 September 1836 to Elizabeth Westfall (14 May 1812 - ), daughter of Joel and Elizabeth Westfall. He was a farmer. In 1852, he and his wife Elizabeth conveyed 98 acres of land in Freeman’s Creek District of Lewis County to George W. Conley. Silas owned a grist mill on the right hand fork of Kincheloe Creek in Harrison County, which he left to his son Joel (Harrison County Mills, Harmer). His will, dated 2 March 1861, named his wife; daughters Catherine C., Mary M., and Sarah V.; and his sons Joel W. and William C. Joel was named executor. In the settlement of the estate, Catherine received a sorrel mare valued at $50, Mary an iron gray colt valued at $30, Joel W. property valued at $151, and widow Elizabeth property valued at $186.
  • 5 Maria Carder, married 11 February 1841 to Franklin Henry.
  • 6 Sarah Carder, married 17 April 1843 to Isaac Holland.
  • +7 (probably) Dennis Carder (1817? - after 1900). There is an unidentified male in the census records of the William Carder family that probably is Dennis Carder. Dennis Carder lived in the same section of Harrison County as the William Carder family. He also married a Stutler. The William Carder family and the Stutler family intermarried several times. Dennis Carder’s family is listed at the end of this chapter.

W1-2-3 Family of Manly Carder (1790-1890) and Mary Elizabeth Switzer Carder (1802-about 1850)

  • +1 Mary “Birdie” Carder (1822 - 12 December 1863), married in 1861 in Harrison County, W.Va. to Morgan Morgan (1806 - ), who was born in Berkely County, W.Va., son of David and Eve Morgan.
  • +2 Christopher Carder (30 November 1823 - 5 June 1899), married 19 January 1848 in Harrison County to Elizabeth “Etsy” Bailey (12 January 1831 - ), daughter of Rev. Joseph Bailey and Mary “Polly” Smith Bailey. He lived in Harrison County in 1850, but was living in New Milton District in Doddridge County, W.Va. in 1880, where he is listed in the census as a farmer. He is buried at Mt. Lebanon Cemetery near Benson, which is close to the junction of Lewis, Harrison, and Doddridge Counties. His tombstone is made of local sandstone, but was still legible not long ago. Etsy’s name was pronounced “ESTY”, although it is almost always spelled the other way. One newspaper obituary just listed her as “the wife of Christopher Carder”, and never mentioned her name.
  • +3 William J. Carder (13 August 1827 - ), married first 14 December 1848 to Charlotte Ann Morgan, married second 11 May 1861 in Calhoun County, W.Va. to Evelina Collins (1842 - ).
  • +4 Jacob H. “Jake” Carder (12 September 1833 - 13 January 1900), married 25 October 1859 to Martha or Margaret Stutler (12 September 1844 - ), daughter of Rev. David R. and Caroline Richards Stutler. He was listed in the 1880 census of Union District, Harrison County, W.Va. as a farm laborer.
  • 5 Nancy Ann Carder (1838 - 12 May 1863), married 9 February 1858 to Calvin Van Buren Morgan (1837 - ), a son of David and Eve Morgan.

W1-2-5 John Wesley Carder (about 1795-1859)

Excerpts from The Upper Sandy Valley by John A. House

John Wesley Carder was born and reared in Harrison County, W.Va. He married, and lived there until his older children were married and had homes of their own. He then, early in the winter of 1838, or 1839, decided to follow his brother-in-law, Washburn, to the fertile valley of Big Sand Creek in the new County of Jackson.

Washburn had preceded him by several years, and now Carder, Stutler, and a neighbor by the name of Cheuvront, packed their rude belongings, and followed him to the new west, where land could be had at a nominal price, and game was yet abundant.

Stutler, it is said, came by the overland trail route, arriving sometime in January. Carder and Cheuvront took the long way by water, down the West Fork River past Clarksburg, and down the Monongahela River, (North), by way of Pittsburg, and the Ohio River to Ravenswood, reaching their new home in April.

Carder was an expert blacksmith and gunsmith, crafts always in demand in a pioneer settlement. His patronage came from miles in every direction. He and his boys were successful trappers, and famous as hunters, and prospered in their agricultural pursuits.

He bought a large boundary of land on the presant site of Liverpool, Jackson County, W.Va. But, living first in a squatter’s cabin near the site of Mr. T. I. Hartley’s residence. Later he built a log house practically on the site of the Hartley’s house, perhaps a little nearer the well.

W1-2-5 Family of John W. Carder (about 1795 - 1859) and Margaret Smith Carder (about 1790 - )

  • +1 Elizabeth “Betsy” Carder (about 1816 - ), married 31 July 1855, to John V. Smith. According to John A. House, she is the mother of Ephraim Carder (1837- after 1910)
  • 2 George Carder (about 1817 - ), married 30 April 1846, to Elizabeth Rardington (1822-), possibly also married a Bailey, according to John A. House. He was a Methodist Preacher in Harrison County. George and Elizabeth are listed in the 1850 census of Jackson County, WV with a daughter Nancy or Jeaney, age 1. (The writing was difficult to read) A note in this census says that George Carder was born in England. He is listed as a farmer.
  • 3 Susannah “Susan” Carder (about 1819 - ), married 4 February 1845 to Thomas B. Hartley, and lived on the old home farm.
  • +4 John Smith Carder (27 January 1820 - 20 May 1887), married 12 December 1844, to Hulda Rawley (9 July 1827 - 11 March 1896). He was probably named for his uncle, John B. Smith, who was drowned at Reedy in the Trim Flood, 16 July 1874. He was born in Harrison County, but later moved to Jackson County, W.Va., where he is listed in the 1860 census as a farmer. He lived after his marriage, on the Adams farm on Trace Fork for a time, and then moved to land he had bought on Joe’s Run. His bible was in the possession of Alice Carder Sauer, of Point Pleasant, Mason County, W.Va. in the 1970s.
  • 5 William Carder (1825? - before 1880). According to John A. House, “William ”Bill" Carder at one time lived on the Amos Mitchell place at the head of Poplar Fork of Little Creek (of Mill Creek), which he bought from Thomas Hartley, but failed to pay out on. His wife died in 1906 at the home of her daughter on Little Creek. She lived alone for several years, while an old woman, in a little old log cabin on the head of Trace Fork. I passed this spot last autumn (1907). The cabin, which is of Birch and poplar logs, and about 14 by 16 feet in its outside dimensions, is still standing, but the clapboards are torn off in places, and lie scattered over the roof and around the yard. The cobblestone chimney has fallen down. There has been a door in the front wall reaching from sill to the first rib, with an opening sawed out with the door logs for a half size window (8 X 10). Now both are gone, leaving a gaping vacancy. The cabin and its occupant grew old together, but the hut lasted the longest by a few years. It is situated just below the mouth of a little brook, with trees, and bushes, and clambering vines all around." His wife is probably the Elizabeth Carder (born April 1827), who lived alone as a widow in 1880 and 1900 in Jackson County, WV. She had 3 children, two living in 1900. He is listed in the 1850 census of Harrison County with his wife Elizabeth (1827-) and daughter Margaret, age 1.
  • +6 Jefferson “Geoffrey” Carder (about 1827 - after 1880), married 31 May 1855 to Julia Welch (about 1837-). He was born in Le Roy, Jackson County, W.Va., and died in Missouri, probably in Jackson, Putnam County, where he was living in 1880. He was a farmer.
  • 7 Anderson Carder (about 1829 - 1855), was listed as a stonemason in the 1850 census.
  • +8 Zechariah Patton “Pat” Carder (6 December 1832 - 21 January 1892), married 24 August 1856 at Spencer, Roane County, W. Va., to Mahala Jane Carney (9 February 1839 - 1911), daughter of Spence Carney. He was in Jackson County, W.Va. in 1860; and in Portland, Meigs County, Ohio, in 1880, just across the Ohio River from Ravenswood, Jackson County, W.Va. He must have lived in Indiana for a while because some of his children were born there. According to John House, “Pat Carder was one of the most noted deer hunters and marksmen of Jackson County. He shot the first deer killed by any of the Carder Family after coming to Sandy, at a Lick Spring below George Delaney’s, which event gave to the stream the name of Buck Run.”
  • 9 Eliza Carder (about 1834 - ), married 8 September 1854 to William L. Smith, son of John V. Smith. William Smith went to Illinois, where he enlisted in the Union Army, and died at Lexington, Ky.
  • 10 Margaret Carder, died at Ripley before the Civil War.
  • 11 (Possibly) Drusilla Carder (1842 - )

W1-2-6 Family of Nancy Carder Stutler (about 1797 - 1832) and John Stutler III (1787 - 1873)

  • 1 Diadem (Diadma?) Stutler (1817 - )
  • 2 Rebecca Stutler
  • 3 John Stutler IV. He was a Federal soldier in the Civil War.
  • 4 Christopher Stutler
  • 5 Josiah Stutler
  • 6 Manly Stutler. He served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War and was killed in the Battle of Gettysburg.  

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