William Carder and the Early Carders in Hampshire County, WV
William Carder was recorded in Hampshire County (now West Virginia) as early as 15 November 1777, when his name appeared on a survey, and in Ohio (then Northwest Territory) by 1800. His son, Sanford, had three children born in Kentucky in 1794-97. Armstead Carder, another native of Culpeper County, migrated to the south at about this time, his son George Carder having been recorded as born in Pendleton District (now Anderson County), South Carolina in 1803. William Carder appears in the tax records of Hampshire County from 1782 to 1798. He acquired 382 acres of land on Meadow Run in Hampshire County in 1790, on which he was assessed a land tax from 1790 to 1797. He is probably closely related to a John Carder (1767-1850) of Culpeper County and later Harrison County, W.Va. and a George Carder who moved from Culpeper County to Hampshire County in 1801 or shortly thereafter and died in Hampshire County about 1831. He is probably also closely related to the Armstead Carder mentioned above, because both Williamís sons Sanford and Abbot had sons named Armstead. This was not a common first name for a male in the 1700s, so they were probably naming their sons after a close relative of the same name. Another possible close relative is John Carder who owned land in Hampshire County from 1767-1789, and was living in Greene County, Tennessee in 1789 when he sold his Hampshire County land.
William Carder had 4 sons and three daughters mentioned in his will in 1801. This book has a section on the descendants of his sons Sanford, William, and Abbot. There is some confusion as to which George is the son of William, so the descendants of these George Carders will be traced in separate sections. Abbot is the ancestor of the Hampshire County Carders who lived in the Romney area, while William (Jr.) and Sanford moved farther west, to Harrison County, W. Va. and Ohio, respectively. Just which George Carder is Williamís son is questionable. There was a George Carder living in 1809 in Franklin County, Ohio, not too far from Ross County, Fayette County, and Pickaway County, where other descendants of William and Sarah Carder lived. There is the possibility that this is the George Carder who was Williamís son. I (and others as well) had previously assumed that the George Carder who moved from Culpeper County to Hampshire County in 1801 or shortly thereafter and died there in 1831 was Williamís son, but after studying the tax lists, it appears that a younger George Carder already lived in Hampshire County before 1801. William and Sarah Carder, the parents, lived in Hampshire County until about 1797 when they moved to Ross County, Ohio. Sanford Carder, Williamís son, and Lucy and Frederick Bray, Williamís daughter and son-in-law, moved to Ohio about this same time, also, Sanford having lived in Kentucky for a few years.
The George Carder who moved from Culpeper County to Hampshire County in 1801 or shortly thereafter has been listed as William Carderís son in various Carder genealogies, including an earlier version of my own. However, it appears that this George Carder lived in Culpeper County prior to 1801, while another George Carder, probably the son of William Carder, lived in Hampshire County before the Culpeper County George Carder moved there, because the tax lists show a George Carder living in Hampshire County beginning in 1796 and an unidentified male over age 16 living with William Carder in 1793 and 1795. This male is probably the George Carder listed in 1796. The other three sons had already moved out by 1793. If this George Carder listed in the early tax lists is Williamís son, then he would have been the youngest son of William Carder. This also matches the will of William Carder, which lists Sanford, William, and Abbot in order from oldest to youngest. George is listed after Abbot, and if William was naming his sons in order of age, it appears that George is the youngest. It is very probable that Williamís son George moved west a few years before the other George Carder moved to Hampshire County from Culpeper. I will trace the descendants of each in a separate section.
The descendants of the Culpeper George Carder and the descendants of Abbot Carder, son of William, always referred to each other as cousins, so they were definitely closely related to the William Carder family, although the exact relationship cannot be proven. There also is a connection between this George Carder and the John Carder family of Culpeper County and Harrison County because this George sold land to John and Mary Carder of Culpeper County in 1801. Also, a William Carder and a Braxton Carder, probably from Culpeper County and probably sons of George Carder, purchased land bordering or very near to George Carderís land in 1816 and 1814, respectively. A French Carder appears in the 1810 census of Hampshire County, living in close proximity to George Carder. This French Carder was the nephew of the John Carder who purchased 100 acres from George Carder in 1801. French Carder moved to Taylor County, WV in 1810 and was a schoolteacher there when he died in 1816.
Will of William Carder
In the Name of God Amen. I William Carder of Ross County North West Territory being weak in Body but in perfect memory Disanul all former wills and make this my last will and Testament. Do resign my soul to God who gave it and my body to the Dust from whence it came to be Decently buryed and my Worldly property to be divided in the following manner. Towit First of all unto my beloved son Sandford Carder I will and Bequeath five shillings sterling money. Likewise unto my beloved son William Carder I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. And unto my beloved son Abbot Carder I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. And to my beloved son George Carder I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. And unto my beloved Daughter Rachel Cooper I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. Likewise unto my beloved Daughter Lucy Bray I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. Likewise unto my beloved Daughter Fanny Smith I will and bequeath five shillings sterling money. Likewise the respective sums mentioned to each Child to be payable at the expiration of Twelve months from my Deceace. And last of all unto my True Loving and beloved wife Sarah Carder I will and bequeath my whole estate lands and tenements goods and phattles(?) to be by her disposed of at pleasure during Life and to bequeath it to who she pleases at her death. In witness hereof I do set my hand and seal this ninth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one.
Thos Harrod William Carder
Solomon Temples(?) mark
Bill of Sale, 10 Oct 1791
William Carder of Commonwealth of Virginia, County of Hampshire, to Abbot Carder, of same.
For 100 pounds current money; one still, one gun, one horse, one mare, two cows, three heads of sheep, thirteen heads of Hoggs, ten geese, two feather beds, bedsteads, and furniture, two pots, thirteen pewter plates, one pewter dish, one stack of hay, one big wheel, two little wheels, one loom and gear, five hogsheads, corn and corn fodder, now on my dwelling place, one broad hoe and one ax.
Abrm Johnson William Carder
William Jacob mark
Recorded 15 Dec 1791
Deed, 13 Apr 1792
William Carder and wife Sarah, of Hampshire Co., Va., to William Hill of Culpeper Co., Va. For 41 pounds, fifteen shillings, ten pence, and one half penny current money of Virginia; all that tract or parcel of land, whereon the said William Carder now lives, containing 382 acres lying on Bartons Medow Run, adjoining the lands of Andrew Wodrow, Perez Drew, and others, being the same which was granted to the said William Carder by Patent bearing date 21 March 1790. Together with all houses, buildings, orchards, ways, priveledges, and appurtenances to the same.
Witness: William Carder
And. Wodrow mark
W1 Family of William (died 1801) and Sarah Carder (died 1807)