Early Carder Records in Harrison County, WV
Including what is now Taylor County
The Carder family began moving into Harrison County as early as about 1785.
William Carder (1762-1839), who was a son of William and Sarah Carder of Hampshire County, West Virginia, was in the Harrison County personal property tax records from 1785 forward. He owned 94 acres of land near the Good Hope area of Harrison County, about 14 miles southwest of Clarksburg. He and his family were the only Carder family in the Harrison County records until 1802, when John Carder obtained two tracts of land near what is now Pruntytown. Much more information on William Carder is contained in the chapter on William Carder.
John Carder bought two tracts of land near Pruntytown, in what is now Taylor County, in 1802. He purchased 160 acres on Berry Run, a drain of Simpson Creek, from D. Davisson on March 25, 1802. Then on October 18, 1802, he purchsed 242 acres on Lost Run from John Prunty. John Carder lived in this area from about 1810 until his death shortly after 1850. John Carder and his wife Mary bought 100 acres in 1801 in the Three Churches area of Hampshire County from George Carder, who had just purchased it. It appears that John and Mary never moved there, because Johnís name never showed up on the Hampshire County personal property tax lists, and John and Mary were still living in Culpeper County when they sold this 100 acres in 1807. John Carderís name first appeared on the Harrison County tax list in 1810, so he apparently moved there about in late 1809 or early 1810. He lived in the Lost Run area of what is now Taylor County. John was a brother of Patty (Martha) Carder who married William Bennett in 1792 in Culpeper County. After John Carder purchased his land, a group of Carders from Culpeper County began moving to the location where John Carderís land was located. These Carders, in the order that they began appearing on the tax lists are Laurence Carder (1805), Francis Carder (1809), Burgess Carder (1809), Jacob Carder (1809), and French Carder (1810).
Uriah Carder apparently moved there, too, because he does not appear on the Culpeper County records after 1810, and his estate settlement is recorded in Harrison County in 1820. Uriah Carder sold property in Culpeper County on 11 January 1811 to Samuel Wood. Uriah must have been living with another family in Harrison County from the 1810 to 1820 time period. He was listed as over age 45 in the 1810 census of Culpeper County. He is perhaps the oldest one of the Culpeper County Carders to move to the area. Uriah Carder appeared on the Culpeper County records as early as 1763. His children listed in his estate settlement were Milly, Mary, Susannah, William S., Fanny D., and Lucy ( Lucinda), who married William Riffey on 18 March 1818.
Laurence Carder appears to be the first Carder to actually move to the Lost Run section of Harrison County. He married Jenny Wiseman in Harrison County in 1805, and is recorded in the tax lists from 1805 to 1819. He paid tax on 80 acres on the waters of Lost Run from 1814-1816. In March 1819, Laurence Carder sold 36 acres on Lost Run and Booth Creek to Wm. Williamson. He never appears on the Harrison County records again. He moved to Missouri and left descendants there.
Burgess Carder appears on the tax lists of Harrison County from 1809 to 1819. On September 4, 1819, Burgess and Elizabeth Carder sold 72 acres on Booth Creek to William and Reuben Bennett. He never appeared again on the Harrison County records. Perhaps Burgess and Laurence Carder left together and went west. Burgess was a son of Martha (Patty) Carder and Frederick Duncan. He was a brother of French Carder mentioned below. Burgess Carderís son Frederick Carder lived in Ohio and at one time lived in Kentucky, so perhaps Burgess Carder moved to the area of Ohio near Cincinatti where Frederick lived.
Jacob Carder (1775-after 1860) moved from Culpeper County to the Booth Creek area of Harrison County in 1809. He lived there for many years. He paid tax on 162 acres on the waters of Booth Creek from 1811-1813. He was still there in 1840, but by 1850 he was living in Wood County, WV, age 74, and was a retired farmer. In 1860, he was back in Harrison County, living in the household of George Lawson Carder (1827-1912), who was a grandson of James Carder of Culpeper County. Perhaps James and Jacob were brothers.
French Carder lived alone in Hampshire County at the time that the census taker came around in 1810 and was recorded as age 16-26, which would place his birth at 1784-1794. However, he was in Harrison County by the time that the personal property tax list was recorded in 1810. French Carder lived there until his death in 1816. He apparently was a teacher, because his estate was owed money for schooling. He also had 6 books in his estate. He must have been a respected member of the Carder family because several people named their children French Carder. His estate inventory is recorded in Harrison County. He was a son of Martha (Patty) Carder and Frederick Duncan, and was a brother to Burgess Carder.
Inventory of the estate of French Carder, 20 October 1816
An inventory of the personal estate of French Carder, deceased. Agreeable to an order from the Superior Court of Harrison to us directed, we have viewed the personal property to us as shown as belonging to French Carder, deceast, and find them as followeth, to wit.
The above being a just return to the best judgements given under our hands this 20th day of October 1816.
William Bennett, Reuben Bennett, James Pratt
I did sirtify that this is all the pupity that has cum before my notige. Burgess Carder