Third Generation Descendants of George Carder (1750?-1831) of Culpeper Co., VA and Hampshire Co., WV

G2-1-2 Joseph Carder (1806-1885), son of William Carder, Sr.

Joseph Carder was born 4 April 1806, probably in Culpeper County, Virginia. In 1830, his grandfather George Carder, Sr. sold 50 acres of land near Three Churches in Hampshire County to Joseph Carder for one dollar. George Carder died in 1831, and Joseph Carder continued to live on this 50 acres until 1840, as shown by the land tax records. Joseph Carder appears in the 1840 census, age 30-40, with his wife, age 30-40, a son age 5-10, a daughter age 5-10, 2 sons age 0-5, and 2 daughters age 0-5. Joseph and Sarah Carder sold their land in 1840 and moved to Ohio, where they lived from about 1841 to 1849. This is based on the 1850 census, which states that his children born from 1842 to 1849 were born in Ohio. He then moved to Marion County, Illinois, where he appears on the 1850 census with his wife Sarah, and six children. His wife Sarah was born in Virginia (or West Virginia), in 1808. They lived near Sandoval township in Marion County, Illinois. Joseph died there on 12 April 1885. His wife Sarah died in January 1889, and her death is mentioned in the Centralia, Illinois, newspaper, the SENTINAL. It says, “Sarah Carder died at the home of Wm Day (her son in law), while sitting in a chair.”

G2-1-2 Family of Joseph Carder (1806-1885) and Sarah Carder (1808-1889)

  • +1 Eli Carder (1832-), married29 October 1857 in Marion County, Illinois, to Sarah Catherine Fahs (19 June 1833 - 1914), daughter of Philip Fahs of Hampshire County, WV. He was born near Three Churches, WV. He was a carpenter and is listed in the 1870 census of Marion County, Illinois. Sarah died at Odin, Illinois in 1914.
  • +2 Eliza Carder (1833-), married first 25 March 1850 in Marion County, Illinois, to Nehemiah Pring (17 October 1825 - 3 June 1854). He is buried at the McClelland/Andereck Cemetery in Marion County, Ill. After Nehemiah Pring died, she married second on 28 February 1856 in Marion County, Ill., to Thomas Belt, who probably died before 1860, because Eliza was living with her parents. She married third on 23 March 1862 in Marion County to William Johnson, who was born in Ireland. She married fourth on 10 October 1872 in Marion Co., Ill. to William Devlin. It is believed that they were divorced, and in William Devlin’s pension application he states that he “was never married and doesn’t care what anybody says”. Eliza was still alive when her mother died in 1889. Eliza was born near Three Churches, WV.
  • +3 Timothy Carder (1836-), born near Three Churches, WV; married 1857 in Marion County, Illinois, to Jane Evans. In the 1860 census he is living at Morris Twp., Carroll County, Missouri, and his wife is listed as Isadore.
  • +4 Rachel Carder (March 1836 - 1906), born near Three Churches, WV; married 26 March 1857 at Odin, Marion Co., Ill., to William Thomas “Bill” Day (May 1832 - 11 Aug 1814), who was born on the Rappahannock River in Faquier Co., Va. Both Rachel and William are buried in the McClelland/Andereck Cemetery in Marion County, Ill. They are buried in unmarked graves beside their youngest daughter, Clara Bell Day Zoellar.
  • 5 Joel Carder (1839-) ,born near Three Churches, WV; married 23 May 1861 in Marion Co., Ill., to Lavina Carder, daughter of Reuben P. Carder (G2-3-2).
  • -6 Catherine Carder (1840 - October 1849), born near Three Churches, WV; buried in McClelland/Andereck Cemetery in Marion County, Illinois. She died of croup, according to the 1850 mortality schedule.
  • 7 Sarah Ellen Carder (1842-), born in Ohio.
  • -8 James W. Carder (1844 - October 1849), born in Ohio, buried in McClelland/Andereck Cemetery in Marion Co., Ill. He died of croup, according to the 1850 mortality schedule.
  • -9 George Carder (1848 - October 1849), born in Ohio, buried in McClelland/Andereck Cemetery in Marion County, Illinois. He died of croup, according to the 1850 mortality schedule.
  • 10 Mary Carder (1849 - ), married on 14 February 1867 in Marion County Illinois to William M. Devlin, who later married Mary’s sister Eliza.

G2-2-2 William Carder (1805-1865), son of George Carder, Jr.

William Carder was born in 1805 in either Culpeper County, Va. or Hampshire County, W.Va. William Carder once owned land that was purchased in 1816 by his Uncle William Carder (1772-1850). The younger William Carder passed it on to his son Braxton Carder, who sold it after he moved to Missouri. It can be determined based on letters written by his sons Braxton and John H. Carder to their “AUNTS” Charlotte Carder Ely Stout Harvey and Ann Carder Park, that this William Carder is the son of George Carder, Jr. Charlotte’s son Lafayette Stout also referred to this William Carder as “Uncle”. George Carder, Jr. does mention his son William in his will dated 1828. This William Carder is listed in the 1840 census of Hampshire County as William Carder of Joseph. This may indicate that he was living on the land of Joseph Carder. William Carder married on 10 October 1825 to Jane _____. He moved to Missouri after 1850 and died there 2 January 1865. His widow married John Hann in 1875. John Hann apparently died before 1880, because Jane HAND is listed in the household of Braxton Carder as his mother, age 73. Jane died 27 August 1881.

Inventory of the estate of William Carder, deceased, April 10, 1866.

Lot No. one of the Southwest qr. sect. 19 T. 65 R. 18, containing 80 acres, in Putnam Co., Mo.
Account on Wm. H. Proctor $26.00
“ ” John M. Beard 10.00
“ ” Anderson Viles 15.00
“ ” John Carder 58.00
2 cows
2 Young calvs
2 yearling heifers
1 old waggon
1 “ ” tier
1 shovel plow
1 prairrie “
1 two horse “
1 dark bay horse
1 Gray mare

April 10th 1866
J. R. Stille, Public Admr.
Witnesses : Geo Conger, Gabriel E. Jones

Letter from William Carder to Charlotte Carder Ely Stout, January 18, 1850

The following letter was mailed along with a letter from Charlotte’s daughter Emma Ann and her husband Abner Carder. They were mailed from Hampshire Co., WV, to Washington Co., Iowa.

i hapnd by this letter and i thought i woud let you see my scrabling mee and my family air all well at presant hoping these few lines may find you all in good helth i wod like to bee in your part of the world but i hrdly exspect to get thare if i was the rocks wod knot bee in my way so much i still like to hunt yeat, i still get sum game yeat i want you all to wright too mee, no moer at present William Carder

G2-2-2 Family of William Carder (1805-1865) and Jane (1807-1881)

  • 1 Braxton Carder (9 December 1826- ), married Maria Jane Brown (1837 -).
  • 2 Susan Carder (30 June 1830 - 29 December 1917), married 7 April 1858 to William Anderson Viles. She is buried at Unionville, Putnam Co., Missouri.
  • 3 Sarah Ann Carder (15 August 1831 - ), married Isaac MacIver.
  • 4 Lucy Carder (4 May 1834 - ), married 9 August 1857 to Alexander (Elie?) Viles. She was later married to a Walls.
  • 5 John H. Carder (15 December 1836 - ), married 10 August 1865 to Martha Jane Dugan.
  • 6 Margaret Marian Carder (6 January 1839 - 1851), is buried at Three Churches, WV.

G2-2-3 Family of Elizabeth Carder (180? - about 1827) and Joel Wolverton

  • 1 Jackson Wolverton (28 July 1826 - ), lived with his father after his mother died. He had moved out of his father’s home about 1848 and was working on the south branch (of the Potomac River), according to a letter written from Abner and Emma Ann Carder to Charlotte Carder Stout in 1848. (See this letter in the section on Charlotte Carder). In the late 1850s, he was living near Quincy, in Adams County, Illinois.

G2-2-4 Family of Ann Carder Park (1809-1893) and George Park (1806-1846)

  • 1 Jemima Park (1829-1893), married first to Theodore Campbell (1819-1862), second to a Reed. She was probably born at Three Churches, WV. She grew up in Washington County, Iowa, where she married Theodore Campbell, who was killed in the Civil War. Some letters that were written from Jemima to Theodore during the war are preserved in this book. She had no children. She is buried at Custer Cemetery near Brighton, Iowa.
  • 2 Elias Park (16 September 1831 - 29 May 1909), married in 1857 to Elizabeth Nichols (died 9 August 1908), daughter of Edward Nichols. He was born near Columbus, Ohio, and grew to adulthood in Washington County, Iowa. He had seven children living in 1887.
  • 3 Mary Ann Park, married 31 March 1853, to John R. Green, who died after 1873. Mary Ann moved to California before 1861 and died before 1887. She had a daughter, Elsie Green, who married A.J. Shields before 1896. She had a son, George O. Green (died 1893), who married Carrie Green and had children George S. Green and Grace A. Green, who were minors in 1897 and lived in Los Angeles County, California in 1897.
  • 4 Martha Jane Park, married first on 22 September 1852 in Washington County, Iowa, to Alfred Green. She was married a second time to Nathan Brown. She moved to California before 1861, and died after 1887, probably in California.
  • 5 John Park (Feb 1837 - 20 November 1854), never married, buried at Custer Cemetery in Washington County, Iowa.
  • 6 Unknown child. According to a Washington County history, there were six children in the George and Ann Carder Park family.

Jemima Park Campbell letters written to her husband Theodore during the Civil War.

Jemima Park Campbell, daughter of George and Ann Carder Park, married Theodore Campbell, who entered the Civil War in 1861. He was a wagoner and served in the Iowa Eleventh Infantry, Company C or F, and died 6 April 1862 of wounds received at Shiloh. The following letters were written by Jemima to Theodore while he was in the war. These letters are of a very personal nature, and show us what it was like to be a soldier’s wife during the US Civil War. Theodore Campbell’s death notice in the Washington, Iowa, newspaper follows the letters.

Letter from Jemima Park Campbell to Theodore Campbell, November 8, 1861

Washington, Iowa
Nov. 8th 1861
Theodore, I take this opportunity of writing a few lines to let you know that we are well at this time and hope this may find you well. I received a letter the 6th dated Oct. 31 and was glad to hear that you have good health. I have not had but one letter from you since you was at home. You said you was looking for a letter from me. I thought you may be gone and would not get it if i wrote. Theodore you wrote for the particulars of the sale. I expect you will be disappointed. Salmon did not understand what we meant in renting to Mr Fowler he thought that Alford and you and Mother and me had made the plan before you Seen him. that was the reason that he did not go into an article with you as he thought that we would rather have Mr Fowler than him, and was willing to do as he agreed to do with you. his health is better than it was and he has had a hired hand part of the time. Salmon has made a good fence on the South and East of the pasture and has got all of the fall plowing done except 5 or 6 acres. Salmon wanted the place after he found out how it was we talked it over Elias and Ralph thought that thare would be plenty of feed with the Davis straw and Saul said he would mind them in the field if they need it. Saul has ingaged Capt. Stone to shave shingles. Saul said that he was disappointed as he had made arrangements to keep the place and felt out about 20 Dollars. Theodore you know that Mother was dissatisfied with Mr Fowler coming in with us. Uncle Abraham and Ever one thought that it was rong for her to give up her house and privledges and Mother was so troubled that she could hardly sleep nor hardly eat, and we concluded not to make a Sale. We concluded to let Saul keep the place on the same terms as you and him Agreed on. Mother went to see Mr Fowler and tried to get the place back and he would not give it up and asked him to let her have the five place room and he could not as he had to have hands. Mother felt as if she had no home and Mother told Elias to go and see Mr Fowler and see how compromise it and he asked 15 Dollars for troubel and as I had told Elias that if he asked damage I would let old red go and Elias asked him 25 bushels of rye to boot and he gives 20. Mother pays half in money or trade to me. Theodore this may not suit you but I did not kow what to else to do.
[Pages 4 and 5 are apparently missing from the letter]
Theodore you said that you would like for us to be satisfied and we have considered over both bargains and believe the first one will suit us the best. Lafayette Stout had 36 bushels of Buckwheat I get 12 bushels for my share. The flour is $1.50 cts per hundred Salmon took that hickory wood to town and bought a good axe and a halter for the colt. Theodore you wrote that you had sent mee two miniatures. I have not got them yet. I sent word Last saturday for a letter and Likeness if there was any in the office. I would like to see how you look in the Bugle hat with Eagle at the right side write to me as soon as you can and let me know where you are and how you are getting along. Mr Fowler says he can get a place out in Louisa county near his Motherinlaw his wife says she would rather go there and live any how than to stay here.
yours respectfully
Jemima Campbell

Letter from Jemima Park Campbell to Theodore Campbell, November 24, 1861

Washington, Iowa Nov. 24th 1861
Dear Theodore I take this opportunity to write a few lines to you and to let you know that I am well and hope these few lines will find you well. I received a letter from you this morning. I am glad to hear from you that you are or was in health when you wrote. Theodore I have not had but two letters since you was here. I got the letter and satchel you sent by Mr Cox I answered the first letter i got and directed it to St Lewis as you told me at the commencement of your letter. Elias went to town yesterday and I told him to inquire at the express office and see if those Likenesses and letter that you sent by Mr North was there and he says they was not there. they have been inquired for several times but I cant find out where they are I would like to have them if i could get them. Dear Theodore I wish you would get another furlow and come home and stay as long as you can get Leav to stay. if you cannot stay all the time try to come over and stay a week or two if you cannot stay longer I am sorry to hear of you being Discouraged Theodore I would have you understand that I do care for you I wish you was here to night that I could talk to you instead of writing to you I think I am excusable for not writing. I wroote you a letter the 8th of this month. a day or two after i got your letter. if I had wrote the same day I could not have sent it any sooner. Mr John Stout and Miss Mary Chance was married last thursday. Mr. Nichols got a letter a few days ago from Henry and he wrote that you had gone south or to St Lewis Mo. the horses looks very well. we have made arrangements to get a wagon there is a man in Brighton has a wagon that he says will be finished in a week or ten days he agred to wait til next cristmas a year for his pay. his price is sixty dollars. Saul says it is thinble skeined i told him i would try to pay $15 or 20 dollars this winter i can give him my note for the balance and Elias Park for security if he wants security we had the Beef heifer killed yesterday. It is a verry nice and fat for young animal beef is worth 3 & four cts per pound I want to know if there is ary iron wedge any where around here that belongs to you. Saul wants to know and I do not know whether there is ary one or not. Elias is going to town to day tuesday 26 and I expect to send this by him I am well and have been since I was you pleas write as soon as you get this I am anxious to hear from you I am your Companion though you may reside at a distance I am yet the same.
Jemima Campbell

Letter from Jemima Park Campbell to Theodore Campbell, January 9, 1862

Jan 9th 1862
Dear Theodore I received your letter of the first of this month on yesterday and was glad to hear from you that you are yet alive and I hope you are in good health and also in fine spirits. we are all well at present I hope these lines will find you all right you said that if you was at home you would not leave again I think they might let you come home if you wish to. this is the nineteenth of the month it has been prety cold weather for about ten days past it is now a little more moderate Alfred and prudence was here about a week ago they come on saturday and went home on monday they are all well Alfred brought some money for me to settle up their debts Prudence has been looking for a letter from you Theodore I got those likenesses and letter you sent from Daveno I got them two weeks ago I gave prudence one of them the cone with the case jerry Hoping was married the 26th of last month to miss Snider morg and phebe was married the 9th of this month Eliases wife has a young daughter it is old ever since christmas. we have had plenty of snow here for the lat month i guess the snow is eight or ten inches deep at this time Martha Nicholds has a young son Mother has two letters from calafornia from my sisters there they are all tolerably well Mary Ann has a little boy named Willard Linken. sister Martha has another daughter Theodore I want to know if you got my letter of the twentieth of last month. pleas excuse mee for not sending this sooner the weather has been verry cold part of the time to cold to write pleas write and let me know how you are and how you get along yours in truth and love Jemima Campbell

Notice, Washington , Iowa, Press, May 14, 1862

DEATH OF ANOTHER SOLDIER —- Theodore Campbell, a member of Captain Moore’s company, 11th Iowa Infantry, died at the Sisters of Charity Hospital, in St. Louis, last Sunday. He was wounded in the battle of Shiloh, by a musket ball, which penetrated his lung. His brother A. J. Campbell, arrived here Thursday morning, with the remains of the deceased in charge. The funeral will take place at Hickory Grove, Marion township, tomorrow (Sunday) at three o’clock. Mr. Campbell was 43 years old, served in the Mexican war, and was a most worthy citizen. The officers of his company speak in the highest terms of him both as a friend and a soldier. —- Mt. Pleasant Journal 10th.

G2-2-5 Charlotte Carder Ely Stout Harvey (1811-1908)

Charlotte Carder was born 22 April 1811, near Three Churches, Hampshire County, W.Va, and was a daughter of George and Letty Brown Carder. There have been many stories passed down through the years about Charlotte. She was married three times, first on 7 March 1828 to William Ely, Jr., who was a son of William Ely, Sr. and Sarah Ely of Hampshire County. They moved west, probably to Missouri, in the early 1830’s. Charlotte and William Ely had some difficulties in this wild country in the 1830’s. Family tradition says that “Bill” Ely began going hunting with the Sioux Indians and left Charlotte and their two young girls alone at their pioneer home for many days at a time. During this time, the Indians roamed the woods and there were many wild animals still around. As the story goes, Charlotte became tired of this way of life and decided to go back to the hills of West Virginia. She went to the river, took off her skirt, and waved it at passing boats until one of them saw her and picked her up. She rode the boat to a place where she could catch a stagecoach ride back to Romney, West Virginia. It is said that when she left, she took half of their personal belongings, which was very little. she left the other half for her husband. William Ely is said to have come back looking for her, but she would not go back with him. He said she was a sorry thief to take only half of their belongings. He said that if she had been a good thief, she should have taken it all.

Family tradition states that Charlotte Carder and William Ely were divorced. Divorce was frowned upon in the old days and it was believed that a wife should stay with her husband whether he was good to her or not. Charlotte probably recieved much pressure in the West Virginia hills after she left her husband, both from her family and friends and neighbors. About 1837, she left her daughter Emma, then 9 years of age, at Three Churches with Charlotte’s sister Judy. Charlotte then packed up a horse, and she and her youngest daughter Susan, age 6, rode the horse from Three Churches, W.Va. to Washington County, Iowa, where Charlotte’s sister Ann Park lived. Iowa was not yet a state and the Iowa country was wild, with many Indians roaming about. Charlotte homesteaded in a sod house on the north side of the Skunk River near her sister Ann. Within a year or two, she met and married John Stout, whose father Ephraim had recently moved to Washington County. They then established a little log home on the north side of the Skunk River four miles northeast of Brighton. They had two sons, Lafayette and Taylor. It is said that one of Charlotte’s babies was stolen by the Indians, but Charlotte, who is said to have had a way with the Indians, was able to go to the Indian village and get her child back. John Stout was gored by an ox and died in 1849. He was laid to rest in Custer Cemetery, but his headstone was later moved to Sandy Hook Cemetery due to water problems in the Custer Cemetery. Charlotte again suffered a loss in October 1854, when her daughter Susan died at the age of 23, leaving a five month old baby. A few months later, Charlotte married agian on 13 December 1854 to Nicholas Harvey, who died in 1871. She lived the remainder of her life in Washington County, Iowa, with her son Lafayette. The family of Lafayette Stout is said to have been a very honest, hard working, and upright family. It is said that no one in the family drank or smoked and neither of these vices were tolerated. However, it is said that while these rules were strictly enforced in the Stout home, Grandma Charlotte Harvey could sit and smoke her pipe. She and her daughter Emma Ann and family faithfully corresponded with each other for over 70 years. Even though they were many miles apart all their lives, they continuously kept in touch. Her daughter Emma Ann did come from West Virginia to Iowa to visit several times. Charlotte survived all the hard times well, and died at the age of 97 years, seven months, and 14 days, on December 6, 1908. When she died, her daughter Emma was 80 years old! Here is the obituary of Charlotte Harvey as it appeared in a Washington County, Iowa paper in 1908 :

Obituary of Charlotte Carder Ely Stout Harvey, December 6, 1908

Dies Ripe in years
Mother of Lafayette Stout of near Brighton called to her reward at age of 97 years. Came to Iowa in 1837. Has daughter living who celebrated her 80th birthday recently. Fifty Great Grand Children.
Mrs. Charlotte Harvey, aged ninety-seven years, seven months and fourteen days, one of the oldest women in Washington County, died yesterday morning at the home of her son, Lafayette Stout, four miles northeast of Brighton, after a short illness, death being the result of old age. Until within a few days of her death Mrs. Harvey retained remarkably good health, for her age, and until very shortly before her death her hearing, sight and mental facilities were very good. Mrs. Harvey’s life is of peculiar interest to the people of Washington County because of the fact that she came here in 1837, locating near the place where she died, and living in the county ever since. When she came to Washington County, Iowa was not a state yet, the Indians still roamed over the prairies, the buffalo and the deer were still a common thing in this country, and the people lived in a very simple manner as compared to the way we live now. Mrs. Harvey first lived in a dugout, or sod cottage, and later in a log house. Her first cooking utensils consisted of one pot and a broken skillet. She had few things to work with, but made the best of what they had, and gradually with the development of the country she acquired the common conveniences. Mrs. Harvey was of a cheerful, happy disposition, blessed with good health, and as a result the years hung lightly on her head. She was born in West Virginia April 22, 1811, her maiden name being Charlotte Carter. She was married three times, her three husbands preceeding her to the grave. Her first husband’s name was Ely, and two daughters were born to this union, one, Mrs. Emma Ann Carter, at the age of eighty years survives her mother. This daughter lives in Virginia, and celebrated her eightieth anniversary a short time ago. Mr. Ely died many, many years ago, and the second husband of the subject of this sketch was Mr. Stout, father of Lafayette Stout, at whose home the mother died yesterday. There was one other son, Taylor Stout, and he lives in Kansas. This husband died over sixty years ago when Lafayette Stout was but a small boy. Mrs. Stout was married a third time to Mr. Harvey, who died in 1871, and from that time on Mrs. Harvey lived with her son, Lafayette, until the time of her death. In all four children were born to her as above noted, three of whom are still living, the daughter being eighty years of age, Lafayette Stout sixty-seven, and Taylor Stout sixty. There also survive thirty-seven grandchildren, fifty great grandchildren, and one great great grandchild that is known by the family here. It will be noted from the above brief outline of the deceased that she was a sturdy pioneer character, and that her life was a fruitful one. She was a member of the “Church of the Brethren” for many years prior to her death.
The funeral service was held this afternoon at 2 o’clock from the residence of Mr. Stout, conducted be the Rev. Mr. Sanger, of Ollie. Interment was in Sandy Hook Cemetery.

Old letters written to Charlotte Carder Ely Stout Harvey

These following two letters were written to Charlotte Carder Stout in 1848. The first one is from George Carder, who was married to her sister Judy. The second is from her daughter, Emma Ann Carder and Emma’s husband Abner Carder. These two letters were mailed together, according to a descendant of Charlotte who lived in Iowa in 1934. They have been saved by Charlotte’s descendants in Iowa since 1848. They give us information concerning produce, which was naturally very important to farming people. The letters also show some of the political views of the 1848 time period.

Letter from George Carder to Charlotte Stout, October 1848

First I would inform you that I am well at present and hoping that these few lines may find you enjoying the same blessings. I have been sick this summer. I was taken in the beginning of harvest and was not able to labour four weeks. My complaint was something like infection of the lungs.
I must inform you that Aunt Lettes is harty, but is still as helpless as ever. The price of produce is as follows: Wheat is worth $1.00, Rye 50 cents, Corn 40 cents, Oats 30 cents, Beef four to five cents per pound, Butter 12 1/2 cents per pound.

I perceive by the latter clause of your last letter that you are opposed to the Democratic-republican form of government which has existed for the last 20 years excepting one month under General Harrison.
I confess that I am surprised to hear you talk of hard times under the present government when the times were so much worse under John Q. Adams, for then the poor people had to serve the rich. Then the best of hands could get only six dollars a month, now they can get ten dollars a month. Then wheat was only 50 or 60 cents per bushel, now it is one dollar per bushel; then we had to pay 25 cents for coffee now we can get it for 10 cents and other store goods we can get cheaper also.

As for Old Zac I have nothing in particular as a general but I do not like to vote for a man who will not declare his principles or tell what measures he will support. I want you to let me know how cousin Ann Park is getting along for she has stopt writing us. Tell her we have not forgot her. I want you to write to us and let us know how you all are. So no more at present but still remain your friend and well wishes until death.                    George Carder

Letter from Abner and Emma Ann Carder to Charlotte Stout, October 1, 1848

October 1, 1848
Dear Father and Mother,
I take my pen in hand this morning to inform you that we are well at this time hoping these few lines find you all enjoying the same blessing. It has been a very sickly summer. A great many people have died of the measles and flue. Granny Ely died in July last. I must say something about soldiers rights. They are hard to get here. I have never had a chance to get but three and I would have to give as much as the land would cost me when I get there. Mother wants to hear from Jackson Wolverson. He has left his father and is at work on the south branch. Sarah Virginia can walk and talk and she is not as fat as she was, and I am in hopes that Susan will not get tired of waiting for me to come to her wedding. We received your letter dated July the 9th. It gives us much satisfaction to hear from you all so no more at present, but remains your affectionate children.
Abner Carder, Emma Ann Carder

Letter from Abner and Emma Ann Carder to Charlotte Stout, December 1, 1854

Hampshire virginia
December the 1 1854
Dear Mother and broter I take my pen in hand to inform you that we are all well and have bin harty all faul we recevid your letter dated october the 26 whitch was a sorrowful one to us to here that my dear and only sister was no more it grieves me to think that we have bin parted for life time and now for ever we both cherished a thought that we should meet again on this earth but it was in vain I do not expect that she could remember me but i can remember her full black eyes and red cheeks but when i look back at the few days we spent together and when we played on the banks of the misissipa river it makes me feel very sorry you wrote she died the 22 of october i want you to let me no what was the matter with her and how long whe was sick i thought strange all summer that we got no liter we have not heard from you since the letter dated the 25 of last december we wrote two letter since but got no answer i must inform you that we have another daughter she was born the 24th of September and i named her Susan elisabeth little did i think to heer the death of my only sister so soon you wrote that her child was most 5 months old i want you to let me here its name i want to see you my mother my two brothers and no who has got my dear sister baby if it was here or me there i could succl it i want you to send me a lock of her hair that i may have something to look at while i live So no more this time but remains your daughter untill death Emma Ann Carder

I am sorry that we no better paper but we are in a hurry I want you to write soon dont forget to write as soon as you get this letter I will tel you something bout the grain crops tha was very light wheat $1 to 2 per bushel ry is worth $1 per bushel corn is $1 per bushel So no more at this time this paper is bad Abner Carder

G2-2-5 Family of Charlotte Carder (1811-1908) and William Ely, Jr.

  • 1 Emma Ann Ely (24 September 1828 - 25 March 1909), married about 1845 to Abner Carder (December 1822 - 1916), who was her mother’s first cousin.
  • 2 Susan Elizabeth Ely (27 January 1831 - 22 October 1854), married on 12 June 1853 to Frederick S. Chapman. She died leaving her husband with a five month old child. She is buried near her mother at Sandy Hook Cemetery north of Brighton, Iowa.

Family of Charlotte Carder (1811-1908) and John Stout (1821-1849)

  • 3 Lafayette Stout (20 February 1842 - 25 August 1916) married, 20 June 1868, to Mary Ann Nichols (23 July 1847 - 7 April 1934). Lived in Washington Co., Iowa.
  • 4 Lewis Taylor Stout (25 December 1848 - 31 January 1937), married 28 March 1867 to Mary Jane Dunbar (22 April 1851 - 3 October 1934). Moved to Greenleaf, Kansas in 1876.

G2-3-1 Family of Malinda Carder (1812- 1879) and Aaron Levi Baker (1811- after 1880)

All of the following children were born in Hampshire County. In 1860 the family was living in Hampshire County near the North River Meeting House, which was somewhere in the vicinity of Capon Bridge, W.V. Some of the living children are listed in the 1885 settlement of the estate of John Carder (1791 - 1879), who was Malinda’s father.

  • 1 Richard S. Baker (1835 - ), born in Hampshire County
  • 2 William A. Baker (June 1836 - 30 November 1924), married in 1874 to Eliza ___(b. May 1850 or 1858)
  • 3 Ann L. Baker (1839 - after 1885), married Smith T. McKee (1840 - after 1885)
  • 4 Jacob V. Baker (Oct 1842 - after 1885), married Hannah _____ (28 Apr 1853 - 10 May 1883)
  • 5 George W. Baker (1844 - 2 Nov 1913)
  • 6 Sarah J. Baker (1846 -)
  • 7 Hesekiah C. Baker (1848 - after 1885)
  • 8 Margaret E. Baker (20 January 1852 - 3 July 1937), married in 1871 to John W. McKee (1838 -)
  • 9 Sanford Levi Baker (23 March 1854 - 3 December 1915), married Sarah C. Allmong (4 September 1856 - 12 March 1933), buried at Hagerstown, Maryland.

G2-3-2 Reuben P. Carder (1814 - 1894)

Reuben Carder was married three times, first in 1837 to Susan Lewis (died 1844), second in 1847 to a widow named Mary Rinehart (born 1815), and third in 1865 to Sarah A. Fahs (1838-1918). Mary Rhinehart had three children when she married Reuben Carder. They were James H. Rinehart (b. 1834), Sarah N. Rinehart (b. 1836), and Margaret A. Rinehart (b. 1838). Reuben Carder moved to Adams County, Illinois, in the 1850s. In April 1859, he purchased 40 acres in Adams County, Illinois, for 250 dollars from Eli and Sarah Bland. In 1890 he applied for a Civil War pension as a dependent parent of his son John Jacob Carder, who died in the war. He stated that he was in bad physical condition and was being supported by his son when his son entered the war. He said that he had problems associated with a hip injury that he had when he was younger. He died on 4 September 1894 and is buried at Shiloh Cemetery near Plainville, Illinois. In his will, he left everything to his wife, Sarah. She was to be allowed to sell the land if she needed the money to support herself. After her death, any remaining personal and real estate was to be divided between his two surviving children, Lavina Carder and Lee Carder. Lavina died in 1907, and in 1913 Sarah sold the land. In 1918, Lavina’s son Massena sued the person who purchased the land to attempt to get his share of Reuben’s estate. Massena stated that he had never seen his grandfather, but that his mother and his Uncle Doc Lee Carder told him about his grandfather and the property. Massena also said that he had inquired with Reuben’s brother who lived near Romney, WV, about Reuben’s estate.

Deed, 7 Mar 1838, William Vance & wife Margaret to Susan Carder, formerly Susan Lewis, wife of Reuben Carder

For one dollar, 75 acres on Tearcoat Creek, being the same tract which formerly belonged to Jacob Lewis, father of Susan, and seized by the sheriff because of delinquent taxes, sold by the sheriff to Angus W. McDonald and by McDonald to the said Vance.

G2-3-2 Family of Reuben P. Carder (1814-1894) and Susan Lewis (died 1844)

  • 1 John Jacob Carder (1838? - 5 November 1862), moved to Adams, County, Illinois, before 1862, and joined the Union Army there in 1862. He was a Private in Company B, 84th Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. He died November 5, 1862 at Danville, Kentucky, of disease. According to a Civil War Muster Roll, he was a farmer, age 23, single, a native of Hampshire Co., WV, joined the service August 18, 1862, mustered into the service on September 1, 1862 at Quincy, Illinois. He was a resident of Adams County, Illinois, and was 5 feet 8 inches tall, with sandy hair, blue eyes, and a sandy complexion.
  • 2 Hannah Lavina Carder (1838?-1907), married on 23 May 1861 in Marion County, Ills, to Joel Carder (1839-before 1870), (G2-1-2-5), a son of her father’s cousin Joseph Carder. She is listed as Hannah L. Carder in the 1891 Pension Request filed by Reuben Carder. In her marriage record, her father’s will, and her son’s 1918 chancery suit she is listed as Lavina Carder. In other records she is listed as Melvina Carder and Malvina Carder.
  • 3 (?) Levi M. Carder (1840-), listed in the 1850 census. I think that perhaps the 1850 census taker made a mistake and Levi M. should be Levina. There is no other mention anywhere of a Levi M. Carder as a son of Reuben. None of the other records that document the family of Reuben in detail list Levi M. Carder.

G2-3-2 Family of Reuben Carder (1814-1894) and his second wife, Mary Rhinehart

  • 4 Lee Calvin Carder (12 December 1852 - 5 September 1936), born in Hampshire County, WV; married 30 December 1891 to Anna L. Griffin of Payson. He grew up in Richfield, Adams County, Illinois, where he attended grade school and high school. He studied at Keokuk Medical College and was graduated with post-graduate work from the St. Louis School of Medicine. He practiced medicine in Richfield and after he married, he moved to Hull, Illinois, and practiced there until just a short time before his death. Dr. Carder was crippled by polio as a child, and although he was handicapped physically, he was true to the principles of his profession. He endured many hardships in his labor of ministering to the sick, facing storms and driving over mud roads when duty summoned. He died of cancer in 1936 and was buried in the Akers Cemetery at Hull, Illinois. (Most of this information comes from Dr. Carder’s obituary.) One of Dr. Carder’s granddaughters describes him as a big man with a handlebar moustache and braces on both legs. Although Reuben Carder did not mention Lee as his son in the 1891 pension filing, the death certificate of Lee C. Carder lists his father as Ruban Carder and lists his mother as unknown. Reuben did live at Richfield and stated that in 1862, his family was three in number; Reuben, Mary, his second wife, and John, his son. Why Lee was not mentioned is not known. Reuben mentioned Lee C. Carder in his will as his son. Massena Carder said in the 1918 chancery suit that his Uncle Doc Lee Carder was his mother’s half brother. Some stories state that Lee Carder was taken in by a pharmacist when Lee was a child, so perhaps he was not entirely raised by Reuben Carder.

G2-3-2 Family of Reuben Carder (1814-1894) and his third wife, Sarah A. Fahs (1838-1918)

  • 5 Sarah Carder, buried in Shiloh Cemetery, near Plainville, Illinois. She is mentioned in the 1918 chancery suit in which Massena Carder states that his mother had a baby sister who died.

G2-3-3 Family of Levi M. Carder (1816 - 1893)

Levi Carder was married twice. His first wife was born in Virginia and died before 1860, as shown by census reports. His second wife was named Hannah. She was born in 1843 and died after 1900, according to census reports. He lived in Hampshire County until the 1860’s, when he moved to Hardy County. Levi Carder is listed in the census reports with the occupation of Stiller. He was a drummer in the Civil War. The shell of his old drum was in the possession of Orion Loy in the 1970s.

Children of Levi Carder by his first wife:

  • 1 Joseph F. Carder (1841 - ), was in the Civil War. He was unmarried in 1900.
  • 2 Nancy E. Carder (1843 - )
  • 3 Malinda Carder (1845 - ), married John Adams, lived in Mineral County, West Virginia.
  • 4 Mary S. Carder (1847 - )

Children of Levi Carder by his second wife, Hannah (b. 1843):

All of these children were born in Hardy County, W. Va., according to the census records.

  • 5 Johnson Carder (1865 - )
  • 6 Rolly Carder (September 1866 - )
  • 7 Minor Carder (January 1869 - ), born in Hardy County, West Virginia, living in Hampshire County in 1900. He was back in Hardy County in 1910, listed as Minor CARTER.
  • 8 Dorinda Carder (August 1872 - ), married a Fishael, had a son, Leonard.
  • 9 John Carder (b April 1874), married Malinda Baker (b November 1874), lived in Hardy County in 1900, had a daughter, Mary, born in November 1895. In 1910, Mary was living with her uncle, Minor Carder
  • 10 Martha Carder (1878? - )
  • 11 Jane Carder (January 1878 - )
  • 12 Ruffina Carder (November 1880 - )

G2-3-4 Family of Sanford Carder (1818 - 1894) and Mary Powell (1842 -)

  • 1 Malinda Belle Carder (1861 - ), married 20 November 1881, to John Vincent Topper.
  • 2 James Edward Carder (11 March 1862 - 4 November 1943), married Annie E. Patterson (10 February 1857 - 1 November 1937), buried at Three Churches, W. Va. They had no children.
  • 3 Mary J. E. V. Carder (1866 - January 1873)
  • 4 Lydia E. Carder (6 March 1869 - 1929), married 17 November 1891, to James William Watson (28 January 1867 - 1932). They are buried at Wesley Chapel Methodist Church near Points, W. Va.
  • 5 Rebecca Carder (16 September 1872 - 1 October 1872)
  • 6 Emma G. Carder (1872 - 1950), married Charles H. Saville (1870 - 1963), buried at Wesley Chapel Church near Points, W. Va.

G2-3-5 Family of Abner Carder (1822-1916) and Emma Ann Ely Carder (1828-1909)

  • 1 Sarah Virginia Carder (1847 - 1935), married 22 August 1872 to James W. Kidner (1852 - 1913). She and her husband Jim Kidner bought her grandfather John Carder’s home place in 1885, then sold it in 1905 and moved to Red Deer in Alberta, Canada. Jim Kidner died in Canada and is buried there. Sarah returned to Three Churches. She died in 1935 at the age of 88 and is buried at Three Churches.
  • 2 Benjamin Franklin Carder (August 1849 - 1930), married 8 November 1880 to Elizabeth Jane “Lizzie” Pownell (August 1857 - 1935). He was a farmer. He was the last to live at the home place of his father, Abner, at Three Churches. This was previously the George Carder, Jr. (1780 -1828) home place. He moved to Cumberland, Md. in the late 1920’s. He is buried at Three Churches, WV.
  • 3 Jasper Newton (Nathan?) Carder (August 1852-1942), married 1895, Alcinda Patterson (Nov 1854- 1931). He was a farmer and lived at Three Churches near his father. He later lived with his son Wade at Fort Ashby, WV, then later at Bedford Co., Penn., where he died. He is buried at Three Churches.
  • 4 Susan Elizabeth Carder (27 September 1854 - 18 May 1947), married 9 October 1888, to John Granville Lewis (1853 - ), who was a son of Daniel and Martha Lewis. They had some children, but they all died young. They lived at Three Churches, then Clarksville, W. Va., and later on Route 28 near Short Gap, W. Va. John Lewis was a railroader until he was injured. He then became a farmer. He would ride his horses into town and make them stand up on their hind legs as if they were wild. Everyone would stop and look at him. Susan and John Lewis are buried at Three Churches, but have no tombstone.
  • 5 Elias Edward Carder (August 1857 - 3 April 1909), married 26 May 1893, to Marian Fernandus “Nan” Patterson (30 May 1869 - 23 January 1942). His wife was the sister of Alcinda Patterson Carder, who married Elias’ brother, Jasper. Elias was a farmer and played the fiddle. He contracted pneumonia and died in 1909, shortly after the death of his mother. He is buried at Three Churches.
  • 6 Martha Jane “Matt” Carder (1860 - 27 October 1941), married 16 November 1889, to John Newton Shanholtz (1851 - 1945). John Shanholtz was a farmer. After Matt’s brother Albert’s wife died, Matt and John Shanholtz helped take care of some of Albert’s children from time to time. They lived in Keyser, W. Va. for a while, then bought the old Shanholtz home place near Three Churches. This place had a big house and a big barn. They lived there until the house burned on Wednesday, January 3, 1940. Then they lived with their son Vernon. They are buried at Three Churches.
  • 7 Lafayette Ashby Carder (27 March 1864 - 3 October 1947),married 23 October 1889 to Mary Susan Sanders (5 April 1868 - 19 August 1947), who was a daughter of Alexander and Mary Ann Hannas Sanders. He was a schoolteacher and a farmer. He bought the Isaiah Pownall place and later moved to a place on Town Creek near Oldtown, Maryland. He had one of the first peach orchards on Jersey Mountain near Three Churches. He got his driver’s license in 1936 at the age of 72. He was the last of his family to die, and is buried at Ebenezer Church near Romney, W. Va.
  • 8 Albert Lee Carder (23 October 1867 - 30 January 1941), married 18 April 1894, to Elizabeth Jane “Betty” Watson (23 August 1875 - 23 September 1908), daughter of Robert G. and Julia Ann Wince Watson. In his early years he was a teacher in the country one room schools, and he gave the first money he made teaching to his parents so they could travel to Iowa to see Emma Ann’s mother, Charlotte Harvey. Albert was also a farmer, blacksmith, miller, carpenter, stone mason, musician, and orchard planter. He lived at Three Churches until 1908, then bought a farm at Points, W. Va., and lived there until 1918. He then did a little carpenter work and took it easy. His wife was thrown off a horse onto rocks and died. She was carrying a child at the time of her unfortunate accident. Albert never remarried. He was living with his son Ray Carder on Route 28 near Short Gap, W. Va. when he died. He is buried at Wesley Chapel Church near Points, W. Va.
  • 9 Amanda “Mandy” Carder (21 January 1871 - 5 May 1940), married Mandival Alex Loy (1861 - 1953), who was a farmer. They lived on the Litttle Capon River. They are buried at Mt. Zion Church near Augusta, W. Va.

G2-3-6 Family of Emily J. Carder (1824 - ) and John Moorhead (1822 - )

  • 1 Robert W. Moorhead (1846 - ), listed in the 1860 Hampshire Co, WV census.
  • 2 Rebecca B. Moorhead (1853 - ), listed in the 1860 Hampshire Co., WV census.

G2-3-7 Family of Rebecca Carder (1826 - 1900) and John Trenton (1823 - 1892)

  • 1 Emily J. Trenton (8 October 1845 - ), birthdate from Eddie Carder bible.
  • 2 Alverda Trenton (1 January 1847 - ), birthdate from Eddie Carder bible.
  • 3 Sarah L. Trenton (20 July 1849 - ), birthdate from Eddie Carder bible.
  • 4 Mary Florence Trenton (5 November 1851-), married in 1871, to J. Walker Pultz. They moved to Wheeling, W. Va. in 1883. Walker Pultz was a clerk. Birthdate from Eddie Carder bible.

G2-3-8 Family of John Carder (1821/9 - 1870)

  • 1 Sarah Levina Carder, married James T. White, lived in Clay County, Illinois in 1885, when John Carder, Sr.’s estate was settled.

G2-3-10 Elisha Carder (1833-about 1910)

Elisha Carder was a son of John and Lavina Pownall Carder. He was in the Civil War on the Confederate Army, as were several of his brothers. At the close of the war, he was the last person left in his company. All the others had been discharged, killed, or quit. There is a story that has been passed down through the family concerning Elisha Carder that goes as follows:

At one point during the war, Elisha Carder was part of a group of soldiers who were being led by the famous Stonewall Jackson. During one fairly severe skirmish with the Union soldiers, Jackson was leading the men into battle and was riding on his horse. The bullets and cannonballs were flying and Jackson was trying to keep the men up and fighting. He told them, “Men, you need to stay up and keep firing. Don’t duck from the cannonballs. If a cannonball has your name on it, it’s gonna get you anyway.” About that time, a cannonball came flying right at Jackson. He ducked it and fell right off his horse and onto the ground. He dusted himself off and said to his troops, “Well, I guess you can duck the biggest ones.”

G2-3-10 Family of Elisha E. Carder (1833 - about 1910) and Anna Hardy Carder

  • 1 Alverda “Verdie” Carder (22 March 1876-), married 20 October 1894, to Isaac Pierson Parker (1875-).

G2-3-11 Family of Minor G. Carder (1836-) and Mary Collins Carder (1844 - about 1879)

  • 1 Martha “Mattie” Carder (1861-), married a Caswell in the late 1870s.
  • 2 Thomas E. Carder (1865 - 11 December 1943), born in Missouri.
  • 2 Jennie Carder (August 1867-), born in Missouri; married in 1888 to James Gahagan (August 1857-), whose family came from Ireland. They lived at Kansas City, Kansas in 1900, according to the census.
  • 3 Willis H. Carder (19 April 1871 -10 June 1964 ), born in Harrisonville, Cass County, Missouri; married about 1895 to Ada Belle Martin (1876-), daughter of John Martin and Mary Ann Owens Martin. In the 1900 census, he was listed as living in Washington State in Whitman County, Harper Precinct, where he was a farm laborer who was renting a house. He moved to Oregon by February, 1896, where his first child was born, and to Washington by April, 1898, when his second child was born. Willis later worked for the railroad out of Starbuck for many years. He and Ada Belle divorced after 33 years of marriage and 12 children.
  • 4 Elvin C. Carder (16 February 1873 - 1914), born in Kansas. He was a sectionhand on the railroad in 1900, when he lived with his sister Jennie. At thetime he died he was living in Walla Walla, Washington near his brother Willis. Elvin fell down the stairs and broke his neck and died. He was unmarried at the time of his death. He was in the Spanish American War.
  • 5 They had another child who died young before 1865, according to a letter written in 1865.
  • 6 Another child was born who died the day before the mother.

G2-3-11 Family of Minor G. Carder and Serena Stephenson Carder (1838- after 1900)

  • 7 John W. Carder (August 1884 - 1918), born in Kansas; married Ada M. ______ (1882 - 1930). They are both buried in the Bucyrus Cemetery, Miami County, Kansas. In 1900 he was living with his mother.
  • 8 Another child born before 1900, was still living in 1900.
  • 9, 10, 11 There were 3 more children who died before 1900.

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