Descendants of Abbot Carder (1770?-1843?)
Abbot Carder, son of William and Sarah Carder, was born about 1770, in either Culpeper Co., Va. or Hampshire County, WV. He is listed in census records of Hampshire Co., the earliest being 1810, which listed him as a male over age 45. That would put his birth date before 1765. Other census records place his birth date between 1760 and 1780. He was probably born about 1770, give or take a year or two. He presumably died in the 1840s because he is not listed in the 1850 census. The 1883 chancery suit states that he “died about 40 years ago”, which would be about 1843.
The first record found of Abbot Carder is a bill of sale dated 15 December 1791, in which he purchased a number of items from his father William for 100 pounds. Abbot Carder is also listed on the Hampshire Co. personal property tax lists from 1792 to 1829. Abbot Carder (or his son Abbot Jr.) is listed in Swisher’s “History of Hampshire County” as being a road overseer who made 50 cents a day in 1830. Abbot is listed in his father’s will in 1801. His name is recorded in deeds dated 1801, 1807, and 1822. The most valuable piece of information that has been found on Abbot Carder is a chancery suit from 1883-1886 that dealt with the settlement of Abbot Carder’s estate. Interviews were conducted with some of his children and a list of all his children was put together. This is the most complete record of Abbot Carder’s family that has been found to date.
Abbot Carder lived his adult life in Hampshire Co., WV. He lived east of the town of Romney near Ebenezer Church. He was married three times and fathered at least 23 children, some of them while he was in his 70s. His second wife was born in Ireland, according to the 1880 census, which shows that Abbot Carder, Jr.’s father was born in Virginia and his mother was born in Ireland. His third wife was named Edna (last name unknown) (1795-1875). His name has been spelled in various places as Abbot, Abbott, Abet, and Abot. At least two of his children went west with their Uncle (Frederick Bray) when they were very young. Edna was always called Aunt Edna by the children of John and George Carder, sons of George Carder, Sr of Three Churches, WV. Edna’s children also referred to John and George Carder, Jr. and their wives as Uncle and Aunt. This brings up the possibility that Edna was a sister of John and George Carder,Jr., and a daughter of George Carder, Sr., or closely connected to the family somehow. However, no proof of this has been found. Sometimes the old folks just called the elder cousins “Uncle” or “Aunt”, even though they were cousins. The Hampshire County descendants of George Carder, Sr. and Abbot Carder always kept in touch up to the early 1900s. They referred to each other in the early 1900s as cousins. So there was obviously a very close connection between George Carder, Sr. and Abbot Carder.
Deed, 20 April 1801
Barbara Moore (widow of Philip Moore, dec’d) of Hampshire Co., Va. to Abbot Carder of same. For 20 dollars; one lot or parcel of land in the town of Romney in aforesaid county, containing half an acre and distinguished in the general plan and survey of said town by the number fifty one, bounded on the north side by lot 52, on west side by lot 41, on north side by the commons, on east side by High Street, the said lot being 159 feet in length, 136 feet 3 inches in breadth.
James Dailey Barbara Moore
Thomas Clarke marke
Recorded 17 May 1802
Deed of Trust, 16 June 1807
Abet Carder of Hampshire County., Va., of the first part, Thomas Mulledy of same, of the second part, and James Daily of the third part, whereas the sd Abet Carder is justly indebted to the said James Dailey in the sum of 12 pounds, 16 shillings, and 10 pence with interest thereon from the 30th day of April, 1807, and being desirious to secure payment thereof to the said James Dailey, hath subjected the following personal property to that end: one black cow and calf, one white and red cow, one heifer two years old, and one feather bed and bedding. One dollar was paid to the Abet Carder by Thomas Mulledy, and the sale of the above items was acknowledged.
C. Heiskell Abet Carder
John Friddle mark
Deed, 19 August 1822
Abbot Carder and Edena his wife, of Hampshire Co., Va. to John Friddle of same. For 70 dollars; lot 51 in the town of Romney, being the same which was conveyed to Abbot Carder by deed bearing date 12 April 1801.
The following is a portion of the chancery suit (1883-1886),
Jackson Carder vs. Eunice Carder and other heirs of Abbot Carder, Sr.
THE STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA
TO THE SHERIFF OF HAMPSHIRE COUNTY-GREETING
YOU are hereby commanded to summon The unknown heirs of Henry Carder, the unknown heirs of James Carder, the unknown heirs of Abbot Carder, the unknown heirs of Armstead Carder, the unknown heirs of William Carder, the unknown heirs of John Carder, the unknown heirs of Samuel Carder, John Carder, James Carder, & Mary ___ formerly Mary Carder & ___ her husband, William Poland & Elizabeth his wife, Mary Roberson, Susan Carder, Eunice Carder, Lavinia Carder, Lucinda Pool, John F. Carder, Wm. B. Carder, & Bell Carder, Sarah E. Carder, Rebecca Yost & _____ Carder, infant daughter of Sanford Carder, dec’d, Ann Carder, Luther Carder & Emily Davis & James Davis & Stephen Hannas to appear at the Clerk’s Office of the Circuit Court of Hampshire County, at Rules to be held in the said Office, on the first Monday in April next, to answer a bill in Chancery Exhibited against them by Jackson Carder and have then there this Writ. Witness V. M. Poling, Clerk of the said Court, at the Court House of said County, this 17th day of March, 1883 and in the ___ year of the state.
The Sheriff will note the time and manner of serving the process.
Following is another portion of the same chancery suit:
Depositions taken befor me this 3rd day of May 1886 at my office in Romney in the cause of Jackson Carder vs. Eunice Carder etc. in the Circuit Court of Hampshire County, W. Va. pursuant to notice herewith returned, this cause having been continued from day to day until today.
First Witness, Miss Susan Carder, a mistress of lawful age, who being first duly sworn, deposes and says as follows:
1st Que. : by law, state your age, place of residence, how long you have lived there, and the name of your father.
Ans. : About 65 years of age; live in this county and have always lived here. My father was Abbott Carder, Sr.
2nd Que. : How often was your father married?
Ans. : Three times.
3rd Que. : How many children by each marriage?
Ans. : By first marriage, two, William and Armstead. They were taken west a number of years ago when they were quite young, by their uncle, when their father married a second time. We haven’t heard anything from them since father died which was about 40 years ago. The last we heard of them is that they had died unmarried. By the second marriage there were seven children, George, James, Abbott, John, Samuel, Betsy, and Polly. George is dead leaving as his heirs John and James Carder, and Mary Carder. James, son of Abbott, is dead leaving heirs but I can’t name them or say how many of them. Abbott, Jr. was living the last we heard from him which was during the late war. We have heard nothing from him or his heirs since that time. He had children but don’t know how many. John died unmarried and childless. Samuel died unmarried and childless. Betsey married William Poland and went west a great many years ago and we haven’t heard from them since the war. I don’t know how many children she had. There were four children when she left here, 2 boys and 2 girls. Polly married John Poland and died leaving one heir, John Poland, Jr., who was living the last we heard from him. By the third marriage there were thirteen children, Susan (myself), Eunice, Lavinia, Ann, Lucinda, Hannah, Jackson, Frederick, Sanford, Joseph, Sarah, Margaret, and Patsy. Eunice, Lavinia, Ann, Lucinda (who married Samuel Pool), and Jackson are living. Hannah died leaving 2 children, Luther Robinson and Emma Davis (wife of James Davis), both of whom are living. Frederick died leaving 3 children, Bell (who married Charles Malone), John and Baker, all of whom are now living, and his widow married Jno. Parrill and is living. Sanford is dead leaving one child Mary, who is still living, and his widow married a Yost and is still living. Joseph died unmarried and childless. Sarah, Margaret, and Patsy died when they were small children.
And further this deponent sayeth not.
Susan X Carder
Second, Eunice Carder, a mistress of lawful age, who being first duly sworn, deposes & says as follows:
1st Que. : by law state your age, place of residence, how long you have lived there, and your father’s name.
Ans. : About 63 years. Live in this co. and have always lived here. My father’s name was Abbott Carder. 2nd Que. : How often was you father married & how many children were there by each marriage?
Ans. : I have heard the answers just given by my sister Susan to those questions & my answers to them is the same as hers. Her answers are correct.
And further this deponent sayeth not.
I certify that the foregoing depositions were taken before me this 3 May 1886.
H.B. Gilkison, Commissioner
Witnesses attendance Susan Carder $1.00 Eunice Carder $1.00
The final settlement of the suit is as follows (14 May 1886):
Lucinda Pool, by deed bearing date the 9th of November 1880 conveyed her interest in the land in the bill of proceedings mentioned to Stephen Hannas. And Polly Robinson & Luther Carder, by deed bearing date of the 17th Nov. 1880 conveyed their interest therein to said Stephen Hannas.
Said fund is therefore to be distributed as follows :
The widows of said Frederick & Sanford were entitled to a dower interest in the shares of their respective husbands & are therefore entitled to a share in the fund in this cause in lieu of dower; but these bring no evidence in the case as to the ages of said widows, & law is unable to ascertain the amt. that should be paid each of them & therefore cannot report what amt. should be paid each of the heirs of the said Frederick and Sanford.
The share of each of said heirs is to be credited with any amount that may already have been paid them from said fund. All of which is respectfully submitted this 14 day of May 1886.
H.B. Gilkeson, Commissioner
W1-3 Family of Abbot Carder (1770? - 1843?)
The following children were by his first wife, who died in the 1790s :
The following children were by his second wife, who died around 1817:
Children by his third wife, Edna (1795 - 1875)